Unit 4. FOR A BETTER COMMUNITY

Part I. PHONETICS

Exercise 1. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

1. A. sick                     B. second                    C. service                    D. sure

2. A. angry                  B. needy                      C. supply                     D. country

3. A. handicapped       B. interested               C. dedicated                D. excited

4. A. hungry                B. community             C. mutual                    D. student

5. A. charity                B. school                     C. childless                 D. teacher

Exercise 2. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.

6. A. dedicate              B. fortunate                 C. practical                 D. volunteer

7. A. ensuring             B. protecting               C. providing                D. widening

8. A. donate                B. apply                      C. provide                   D. study

9. A. successful          B. announcement        C. ignorant                  D. experience

10. A. disadvantaged  B. environment           C. advertisement        D. unfortunate

Part II. VOCABULARY

Exercise 3. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

11. Luckily, I got some ____ advice on how to make a presentation on ‘For a better community’ from my class teacher.

            A. useless                    B. useful                     C. usefulness               D. uselessness

12. These ____ children encounter many problems and really need our help.

            A. disadvantaged        B. advantaged              C. disadvantage          D. advantage

13. Fundraising for charity is a ____ thing for everyone to do to help the community.

            A. meant                     B. meaningful             C. meaningless            D. meaning

14. They were so ____ about joining the local volunteer group that they couldn’t sleep last night.

            A. excite                     B. excitement             C. exciting                   D. excited

15. It is ____ that all the students in class 1OA choose to do a project on Helping the needy.

A. surprising               B. surprised                C. surprise                  D. surprisingly

16.  Volunteers become well ____ of the problems facing the world.

A. aware                      B. concerned               C. helpful                    D. interested

17. English teaching is considered a good example of a volunteer job which often turns ____ a career.

A. offB. up    C. on                           D. into

18. Mahatma Gandhi fought for the rights of coloured people in general and the Indians ____.

A. in time        <B. in particular           C. in contrast              D. in fact

19. A/an ____ is a person who needs others to take care of him/her, because of illness that he/she had for a long time.

A. patient        B. martyr                    C. invalid                    D. addict

20. Mr. Chen is morebecause he has finally agreed to allow his daughter to join an overseas volunteer organisation in Africa.

A. single-minded        B. narrow-minded

C. absent-minded       D. open-minded

21. Most of the students in that special school are making good progress, but Michael is a       ____ case.

A. hopefully                B. hopeless                 C. hopeful       D. hopelessly

22. A lot of generous businessmen have ____ valuable contributions to helping needy people.

A. done           B. taken                       C. made                       D. given

23. Poor students cannot an abundance of presents on their birthday.

A. look forward to                  B. put up with

C. come up w ith        D. cut down on

24. Befriending can offer volunteers the opportunity to provide support and friendship to a person who may be going ____ a difficult period.

A. up                           B. on                           C . off                          D. through

25. Volunteer organisations are generally small-staffed, so they need to ____ lots of volunteers for a huge event.

A. employ       B. recruit         C. research                  D. catch

26. Youd better ____ a commitment to being a volunteer on a regular basis.

A. promise      B. do   C. make                       D. pull

27. They visit a retirement home and ____ time doing fun activities with the elderly who lack immediate family.

A. spend          B. lose C. waste                      D. consume

28. Both community ____ and volunteerism are an investment in our community and the people who live in it.

A. life                          B. language                 C. performance           D. service

29. being the CEO of Microsoft, Bill Gates is also one of the worlds greatest philanthropists.

A. Aside from B. But for                    C. Except for              D. In addition

30. Their massive salaries let them afford to give ____ huge amounts to charities.

A. off                          B. up   C. away                       D. hack

31. When you get involved in a volunteer project, you are able to ____ your knowledge into practice.

A. take                         B. put                          C. bring                       D. push

32. Volunteers can work with many ____ children who were harmed by Agent Orange in childcare centres.

A. parentless               B. disabled      C. poor                        D. homeless

33. Both CARE and Oxfam organisations have programmes to help people in underdeveloped countries ____ their lives.

A. make          B. risk C. improve                  D. start

34. Many international volunteer organisations are trying to find a ____ to the problem of world hunger.

A. way                         B. method                   C. suggestion              D. solution

35. For a cleaner and greener community, everyone should ____ the amount of trash and take care of our environment.

A. increase      B. reduce                     C. contribute               D. ignore

36. Thanks to everyone's efforts, we can do ____ to make school a meaningful place for students living in poverty.

A. a great many          B. a little                     C. a great deal D. a few

37. On the door of the house where Louis Braille was born are the words ‘He opened the door of      ____ to all those who cannot see.’

A. knowledge B. information            C. news           D. material

38. University students are willing to get involved in helping the old and ____ people.

A. childlike                 B. childish      C. children                  D.

39. Contact isconnecting students with volunteer organisations abroad.

A. in place of              B. in charge of            C. in case of                D. in danger of

40. Football superstar David Beckham has a huge ____  for kids in need.

A. head                        B. strength                   C. memory                  D. heart

Exercise 4. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

41. I got the teaching job in the Happy Child Charity Centre just by chance.

A. accidentally           C. easily                      D. immediately

42. Every month, the volunteer group go to remote and mountainous areas to help those in need.

A. empty   B. faraway   C. crowded   D. poor

43.Mother Teresa devoted herself to caring for the sick and the poor.

A. spent           B. contributed             C. gave up                   D. dedicated

44. Our top priority is to clean and protect the environment in our neighbourhood.

A. hobby                     B. job                         C. preference              D. idea

45. Young people are now getting more and more concerned about environmental problems.

A. worried   B. nervous   C. hopeless   D. uneasy

Exercise 5. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

46. Many people who do volunteer work think they are more fortunate than others.

A. lucky          B. blessed                    C. unlucky                  D. uncomfortable

47. Public service announcement is a special advertisement for the community, normally about health or safety matters.

A. Open           B. Private        C. Secret                      D. Popular

48. Economically disadvantaged students often drop out of school, choosing a low- paying job to earn money.

A. leave           B. attend         C. accept                      D. reject

49. We are looking for camp helpers who are hard-working, energetic, and able to organise activities for young children.

A. active         B. dynamic      C. passive       D. reluctant

50. Volunteering also means getting to meet people with a similar passion.

A. alike   B. identical   C. common   D. distinct

Part III. GRAMMAR

Exercise 6. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

51. Last Sunday, our volunteer team ____ a lot of food packages to homeless people in the flood-hit region.

A. were bringing  B. brought  C. have brought  D. had brought

52. I ____ Maria for the first time at the Heart-to-Heart Charity Office.

A. saw  B. was seeing  C. was seen  D. has seen

53. We ____ the roof for Mrs. Smith, an elderly childless woman, when it ____ with rain.

A. were mending - was pouring  B. mended - poured

 C. mended - was pouring  D. were mending - poured

54. When we were on a voluntary tour, we ____ to public places to collect rubbish every day.

A. were going  B. went  C. have gone  D. had gone

55. The phone was engaged when I calle D. Who ____ to?

A. were you talking  B. were you talked

 C. did you talk  D. have you talked

56. We ____ in silence when he suddenly ____ me to help him.

A. were walking - was asking  B. were walking - asked

 C. walked – asked  D. walked - was asking

57. I ____ my report when my boss ____ the hall.

A. made - was entering  B. made - entered

 C. was making - was entering  D. was making - entered

58. I ____ near the fence when suddenly I ____ the voices.

A. stood – heard  B. stood - was hearing

 C. was standing – heard  D. was standing - was hearing golf.

59. Jim ____ his leg when he ____ golf.

A. broke - was playing  B. broke - played

 C. was breaking - was playing  D. was breaking - broke

60. While I ____ for him to call up, he ____ a good time in the bar.

A. waited - was having  B. was waiting - was having

 C. was waiting – had  D. was waited - was waiting

61. All the kids ____ their homework when the volunteer team ____.

A. were doing - arrived  B. did - arrived

 C. were doing — were arriving  D. did - were arriving

62. While Lauda ____ round a corner, he suddenly ____ control of his Ferrari.

A. went - lost  B. was going - was losing

 C. was going - lost  D. went - was losing

63. While the Cambridge boat ____ under a bridge, it ____ another boat.

A. went - was hitting  B. went - hit

 C. was going - was hitting  D. was going - hit

64. My cousin and I ____ on the computer when there ____ a power cut.

A. played - was  B. were playing - was

C. played - were   D. were playing - were

65. When I ____ my best friend, she ____ as a voluntary teacher in Dream Homeless Shelter.

A. met - was working   B. was meeting - was working

C. met - worked   D. was meeting - worked

66. Where ____ you ____ when I ____ you on the bus last night?

A. did - go - saw  B. were - going - was seeing

C. were - going - saw   D. did - go - was seeing

67. When you ____ yesterday, I ____ in the garden, so I didn’t hear the phone.

A. rang - worked   B. were ringing - worked

C. were ringing - was working  D. rang - was working

68. While Tom and I ____, someone ____ at the door.

A. were talking - knocked   B. were talking - was knocking

C. talked - knocked   D. talked - was knocking

69. When the robbery ____, the safeguard ____!

A. happened - slept   B. was happening ~ was sleeping

C. was happening - slept   D. happened - was sleeping

70. I ____ the accident while I ____ for the bus.

A. was seeing - waited   B. saw - was waiting

C. was seeing – was waiting   D. saw – waited

71. We ____ an old box while we ____ in the garden.

A. found - dug   B. found - were digging

C. was finding - dug   D. were finding - were digging

72. When I ____ into the room, two boys ____ a picture book together.

A. came - were reading   B. were coming - were reading

C. came – read   D. were coming - read

73. While we ____ in the park, Mary ____.

A. were running - was falling over   B. ran - fell over

C. were running - fell over   D. were running - was falling over

74. I ____ my pen while I ____ my homework.

A. was breaking - was doing   B. was breaking - did

C. broke – did   D. broke - was doing

75. It ____ to rain while we ____ home from school.

A. started - were walking   B. was starting - were walking

C. started - walked   D. was starting - walked

76. When I went to get the tickets, 1 realised I ____ any money.

A. wasn’t having   B. didn’t have   C. haven’t had   D. hadn’t had

77. While we ____ in the rain, Sally’s mother ____ past.

A. stood - drove  B. were standing - drove

C. were standing - was driving D. stood - was driving

78. My mother ____ old clothes while my father ____ the food packages for the next voluntary trip.

A. was classifying - was preparing  B. was classifying - prepared

C. classified - was preparing   D. classified - prepared

79. Richard ____ TV when the phone ____.

A. watched - rang   B. watched - was ringing

C. was watching – rang   D. was watching - was ringing

80. While some volunteers ____ the disabled children, others ____ some furniture in the orphanage.

A. were teaching - were repairing  B. taught - repaired

C. were teaching – repaired   D. taught - were repairing

Exercise 7. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

81. A group of volunteer students were mowing the lawn in the home for the aged while it started to rain 

                                                               A                                                        B           C

heavily.

    D

82. When he still worked for Oxfam, he was coming up with different ideas to help needy people.

         A                              B                            C                                                               D

83. The volunteers went to a nearby school on a Sunday morning, picked up a food package, and delivered 

                                A                                   B                                                                              C

them to an elderly person.

  D

 

84. The lives of disadvantaged students are often very different for those of their more wealthy peers.

       A                          B                                                         C                         D

85. There are lots of amused ways to volunteer in the arts such as teaching, designing and assisting with 

                                    A                        B                                                                  C

a variety of arts and crafts.

        D

86. Mahatma Gandhi fought against the rights of poor people and women in India and became a hero for 

                                                A                                                  B                                                C

millions of people.

      D

87. In her lifetime, Audrey Hepburn also paid a visit to Viet Nam to bring awareness of immunisation and 

                                                                                     A                                        B                                     

sets up clean water programmes.

    C                               D

88. While he and his wile Ali first went to Africa, they worked in a refugee camp for a month.

         A                                                      B                         C                                         D                     

89. The famous Irish rock band U2 wrote the song Walk On to honour this amazed woman, who put her country 

                                        A                                                            B                   C                             D

before everything.

90. He worked in a big bank in London when suddenly he decided to leave this city to take part in Volunteer 

                A                                                                                             B        C                  D

Bolivia.

Part IV. SPEAKING

Exercise 8. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct response to each of the following exchanges.

91. “Why don’t we visit the Happy Mind Charity Centre this weekend?” – “____”

A. Because it is so useful.   B. That’s a good idea!

C. I’ll tell you about this centre.  D. Until next time.

92. “Hello, I’m Minh, the leader of Dream Sky volunteer team.” - “ ____”

A. Nice to meet you. I’m John, from Volunteer Bolivia.

B. It's nice of you so say so, I'm John, from Volunteer Bolivia.

C. Fine, see you again soon, Minh.

D. Don’t mention it. I'm John, from Volunteer Bolivia.

93. “Thank you very much for helping the disadvantaged children here!” - “____”

A. What a pity!   B. It’s our pleasure.

C. Sorry, we don’t know.   D. That's nice of you!

94. “Take care! Have a safe trip back!” - “____”

A. Thanks for coming.   B. Sounds good.

C. Thanks, bye.   D. Good luck next time.

95. “Well, I think volunteering will bring some useful experience for our future job.” – “____”

A. That’s also what I think.   B. I'm sorry, but I have to agree

C. I don’t think so, either.   D. That’s unbelievable!

96. “Let’s open a small craft store to raise money for the poor villagers!'' - “____”

A. That’s a good idea! B. Thanks, I can manage

C. No problem.   D. That’s the way it is.

97. “What a meaningful thing you've done for your less fortunate friends, my son!” – “____”

A. Thanks for taking care of me, Mom.

B. What a wonderful gift you've made for me.

C . I don’t really care. I must go now.

D. Thank you, Mom. That’s just a bit I can do for them.

98. “New Year is coming. I'll repaint the house for Mrs. Poor Old Amanda.” – “____”

A. No, not for me.   B. That would be great help.

C. It is very expensive.   D. Not at all.

99. “Who came up with this wonderful idea?" - “____”

A. The class monitor did.   B. To protect our environment.

C. Mr. Billy came yesterday.   D. In order to raise some funds.

100. “What can we do for a better community?'' - “____”

A. To ensure healthy lifestyles.

B. Why not protect public facilities such as kindergartens or parks?

C. I hate collecting rubbish in public places.

D. Doing charity work is a must for everyone.

101. “Haven't you done any volunteer work before, Jen?" - “____”

A. No, not now!   B. Yes, I have never done it.

C. Yes, I've done it once.  D. Sure, no problem.

102. “Are you teaching English or Math at Hoa Binh Orphanage?" – “____”

A. Yes, I am.   B. No, I'm not.

C. English, of course.  D. I'll choose literature.

103. “Can I join your volunteer group this summer?" - “____”

A. Yes, of course.  B. No, not at all.

C. No, I think so.   D. Yes, you are.

104. “Do you mind if I have a look at your project on community development?" – “____”

A. No, not at all.   B. Yes, it's a good project.

C. Yes, you're welcome.  D. As quickly as possible.

105. “____” - “If I were you, I would teach them how to read first.”

A. What do you think of these street children?

B. What can I do for you now?

C. What are these street children's lives like?

D. What should I do for these street children?

Part V. READING

Exercise 9. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

Orbis is an organisation which helps blind people of everywhere. It has built an eye hospital inside an aeroplane and flown it all over the world with an international medica team. Samantha Graham, a fourteen-year-old schoolgirl from England, went with the plane to Mongolia. Samantha tells the story of the Eukhtuul, a young Mongolian girl.

‘Last year, when Eukhtuul was walking home from school, she was attacked by boys with sticks and her eyes were badly damaged. Dr. Duffey, an Orbis doctor, said that without an operation she would never see again. I thought about all the things I do that she couldn’t, things like reading schoolbooks, watching television, seeing friends, and I realised how lucky I am.’

‘The Orbis team agreed to operate on Eukhtuul and I was allowed to watch, together with some Mongolian medical students. I prayed the operation would be successful. The next day I waited nervously with Eukhtuul while Dr. Duffey removed her bandages. “In six months your sight will be back to normal,” he said. Eukhtuul smiled, her mother cried, and I had to wipe away some tears, too!’

Now Eukhtuul wants to study hard to become a doctor. Her whole future has changed thanks to a simple operation. We should all think more about how much our sight means to us.’

106. What information can be learned from this passage?

A. the best way of studying medicine   B. the international work of some eye doctors

C. the difficulties for blind travellers   D. the life of schoolchildren in Mongolia

107. The word "she" in the passage refers to ____.

A. the writer   B. the nurse   C. Eukhtuul   D. the medical studen

108. After meeting Eukhtuul, Samantha felt ____.

A. angry about Eukhtuul’s experience   B. grateful for her own sight

C. proud of the doctor’s skill   D. surprise by Eukhtuul’s ability

109. W hat is the result of Eukhtuul's operation?

A. After some time she will see as well as before.

B. Before she recovers, she needs another operation.

C. She can see better but can never have normal eyes.

D. She can't see perfectly again.

110. What is the writer's main purpose in writing this passage?

A. to describe a dangerous trip  B. to explain how sight can be lost

C. to report a patient's cure   D. to warn against playing with sticks

Exercise 10. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

I didn’t even notice him. It was a chilly November evening in New York City, and my daughter and I were walking up Broadway. I was thinking, “Milk, dry cleaners, home”. Was I supposed to notice a guy sitting inside a cardboard box next to a newsstand? No, but Nora did. She wasn't even four, but she pulled at my coat sleeve and said. “That man’s cold, Daddy. Can we take him home?"

I don't remember my reply - probably something like, “That wouldn't really be helping him”. Maybe I made her feel better by giving her an apple. I don't know. But I do remember a sudden heavy feeling inside me. I had always been delighted at how much my daughter noticed in her world, whether it was birds in flight or children playing. But now she was noticing suffering and poverty.

A few days later, I saw an article in the newspaper about volunteers who delivered meals to elderly people. The volunteers went to a nearby school on a Sunday morning, picked up a food package, and delivered it to an elderly person. It was quick and easy. I signed us up. Nora was excited about it. She could understand the importance of food, so she could easily see how valuable our job was. When Sunday came, she was ready, but I had to push myself to leave the house. On the way to the school. I fought an urge to turn back. The Sunday paper and my coffee were waiting at home. Why do this? Still, we picked up the package and phoned the elderly person we'd been assigned. She invited us right over. And that day Nora and I paid a visit to her depressing flat. After saying goodbye, I walked home in tears.

Professionals call such a visit a “volunteer opportunity". Indeed, the proverty my daughter and I helped lessen that Sunday afternoon was not the old woman's alone it was in our lives, too. Nora and I regularly serve meals to needy people and collect clothes lor the homeless. Yet, as I've watched her grow over these past four years. I still wonder which of us has benefited more?

111. Which of the following can be the best title of the passage?

A. A Lesson in Caring   B. Volunteer Opportunities

C. An International Voluntary Organisation   D. A Beautiful Sunday

112. The phrase “delighted at" in the passage is closet in meaning to ____.

A. very bored with   B. very pleased at

C. very disappointed with  D. very surprised at

113. Which of the following is true about Nora, the author’s daughter?

A. She was a naughty schoolgirl.   B. She didn't care for anyone around her.

C. She was not interested in doing charity. D. She is ov er four years old now.

114. After reading the newspaper article about volunteers who helped the elderly, the writer ____.

.A. paid no attention   B. went to work

C . signed him and his daughter up   D. took his daughter to school

115. The word “us" in the passage refers to ____.

A. the writer and his daughter   B. the writer and the elderly person

C. the volunteers   D. the writer, his daughter and the elderly person

116. The word “depressing" in the passage is closest in meaning to ____.

A. in poor condition  B. good condition   C. big   D. small

117. How did the writer feel after the visit to the elderly woman that Sunday?

A. He felt relaxed.   B. He felt sorry for her.

C. He felt happy.   D. He felt disappointed.

118. What do the writer and his daughter often do now?

A. They serve meals to needy people, but do not collect clothes for the homeless.

B. They collect clothes for the homeless but don't serve meals to needy people.

C. They both serve meals to needy people and collect clothes for the homeless.

D. They neither serve meals to needy people nor collect clothes for the homeless.

Exercise 11. Read the following passage and mark the letter A. B, C, or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.

A YEAR WITH OVERSEAS VOLUNTEERS

I was with Overseas Volunteers (OV) for a year after leaving university, and I was sent to an isolated village in Chad, about 500 kilometres from the capital N'Djamena. Coming from a (119) ____ country, I got quite a shock, as conditions were much harder than I had expected. But after a lew days I got used to (120) ____ there.

The people were always very friendly and helpful, and I soon began to appreciate how beautiful the countiyside was.

One of my jobs was to supply the village (121) ____ water. The well was a long walk away, and the women used to spend a long time every day (122) ____ heavy pots backwards and forwards. So I contacted the organisation and arranged to have some pipes delivered. (123) ____ these pipes were not really perfect, they still made a great difference to the villagers.

All in all, I think my time with OV was a good experience. Although it was not paid, it was well worth doing and I would recommend it to anyone (124) ____ was considering working for a charity.

119. A. rich B. comfortable C. well-paid D. luxurious
120. A. lived B. living C. lived D. lively
121. A. for B. on C. with D. from
122. A. carrying B. wearing C. holding D. drinking
123. A. If B. Because C. When D. Although
124. A. which B. when C. where D. who

Exercise 12. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.

MOTHER TERESA

Mother Teresa was the founder of the Order of the Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic congregation of women dedicated to (125) ____ the poor. Considered one of the greatest humanitarians of the 20th century, she was officially recognised as Saint Teresa of Calcutta in 2016.

Born in 1910, in Skopje, Macedonia, Mother Teresa taught in India (126) ____ 17 years before in 1946 she experienced her “call within a call" to (127) ____ herself to caring for the sick and poor. (128) ____ Teresa enjoyed teaching at the school, she was increasingly upset by the poverty surrounding her in Calcutta: the Bengal famine of 1943 and the outbreak of Hindu/Muslim violence in August 1946. Her order established a nursing home; centres for (129) ____ blind, aged, and disabled; and a leper colony. In 1979 she (130) ____ the Nobel Peace Prize for her humanitarian work. She died in September 1997 and was beatified in October 2003.

125. A. help B. helped C. helping D. helpful
126. A. for B. since C. after D. from
127. A. allow B. devote C. encourage D. spend
128. A. After B. Until C. Although D. Because
129. A. a B. the C. these D. those
130. A. received B. recognized C. awarded D. presented

Part VI. WRITING

Exercise 13. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

131. Volunteerism is on the rise in the United States, especially among retired persons.

A. More and more American people, especially the retired, do volunteer work.

B. The number of volunteers in the United States is increasing faster and faster.

C. More retired people in the United States start doing charity work.

D. More American people, especially the retired, refuse to be voluntary.

132. It is meaningful to save some pocket money for charity work.

A. Nobody thinks it is meaningless to loose money for charity work.

B. Saving some pocket money for charity work is a meaningful thing to do.

C. It means that we have to save some pocket money for charity work.

D. We mean to save some pocket money for charity work.

133. Our children are interested in giving away their old books to needy people.

A. Our children find it interesting to give away their old books to needy people.

B. For our children, it is interesting for needy people to give away their old books.

C. One of the most interesting things that our children do is to give away old books to needy people.

D. Giving away old books to needy people is one of our children’s hobbies.

134. Mary is disappointed with the volunteer work in this charity organisation.

A. The volunteer work in this charity organisation is disappointed at Mary.

B. Mary found the volunteer work in this charity organisation disappointing.

C. The volunteer work in this charity organisation makes Mary disappointing.

D. Mary found it disappointed to do volunteer work in this charity organisation.

135. My daughter and I were walking along the street when we noticed a homeless boy sleeping in a cardboard.

A. While my daughter and I were walking along the street, we noticed a homeless boy sleeping in a

cardboard.

B. My daughter and I were walking along the street while we were noticing a homeless boy sleeping in

a cardboard.

C. My daughter and I walked along the street and noticed a homeless boy sleeping in a cardboard.

D. My daughter and I were walking along the street and noticing a homeless boy sleeping in a

cardboard.

Exercise 14. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

136. Angelina Jolie began taking an interest in charity work. She was filming in Cambodia then.

A. After Angelina Jolie began taking an interest in charity work, she was filming in Cambodia.

B. Angelina Jolie began taking an interest in charity work while she was filming in Cambodia.

C. Before Angelina Jolie was filming in Cambodia, she began to take an interest in charity work.

D. As soon as Angelina Jolie began taking an interest in charity work, she was filming in Cambodia then.

137. They were busy with their schoolwork. They spent time helping the elderly in the retirement home.

A. They were busy with their schoolwork, but they still spent time helping the elderly in the retirement

home.

B. They spent time helping the elderly in the retirement home, so they were busy with their schoolwork.

C. They were busy with their schoolwork, and they spent time helping the elderly in the retirement

home.

D. They spent time helping the elderly in the retirement home, or they were busy with their schoolwork.

138. Some students took part in directing the traffic. Others took care of the war invalids.

A. Some students took part in directing the traffic, so some others took care of the war invalids.

B. Some students took part in directing the traffic, for some others took care of the to war invalids.

C. Some students took part in directing the traffic, and some others took care of the war invalids.

D. Some students took part in directing the traffic, but some others took care of the war invalids.

139. The boy was only 10 years old. He established an athletic programme for children with special needs.

A. Despite his young age, the boy established an athletic programme for children with special needs.

B. Until the boy was only 10 years old, he established an athletic programme for children with special

needs.

C. The boy established an athletic programme for children with special needs because he was only 10

years old.

D. The boy established an athletic programme for children with special needs in case of his young age.

140. SHARE is a non-profit organisation. It provides thousands of girls in Africa with books and school

supplies.

A. If SHARE is a non-profit organisation, it will provide thousands of girls in Africa with books and

school supplies.

B. Although SHARE is a non-profit organisation, it provides thousands of girls in Africa with books

and school supplies.

C. SHARE is a non-profit organisation until it provides thousands of girls in Africa with books and

school supplies.

D. SHARE is a non-profit organisation which provides thousands of girls in Africa with books and

school supplies.