UNIT 5: FESTIVALS IN VIET NAM

I-TỪ VỰNG


No. Word Pronunciation Type Meaning
{{ $index + 1 }} {{ x.Word }} {{ x.Pronunciation}} {{ x.Wordtypes}} {{ x.meaning }}

II. GRAMMAR:

1.    Simple Sentences

A simple sentence is one independent clause that has a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought. Notice that there are some important requirements for a simple sentence:

EG : Joe went to the store.

2.    Compound sentences

A compound sentence has at least two independent clauses that have related ideas. The independent clauses can be joined by a coordinating conjunction (there are seven–for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so) or a semicolon.

Compound Sentences with Coordinating Conjunctions

She did not cheat on the test, for it was not the right thing to do.

I think I will buy the red car, or I will lease the blue one.

I really want to go to work, but I am too sick to drive.

I am counting my calories, yet I really want dessert.

He ran out of money, so he had to stop playing poker.

They got there early, and they got really good seats.

There was no ice cream in the freezer, nor did they have money to go to the store.

Everyone was busy, so I went to the movie alone.

I would have gotten the promotion, but my attendance wasn’t good enough.

Should we start class now, or should we wait for everyone to get here?

It was getting dark, and we weren’t there yet.

Compound Sentences with a Semicolon

Joe made the sugar cookies; Susan decorated them.

The sky is clear; the stars are twinkling.

The waves were crashing on the shore; it was a lovely sight.

Note : In formal language , conjunctive adverbs “ however , nevertheless, moreover, therefore, otherwise go after a semi colon (;)and before a comma ( ,)

S+V; however / nevertheless/ moreover/ therefore/ otherwise, S+V

3.    Complex sentences:

- A complex sentence contains an independent clause and at least one dependent clause. When a complex sentence joins an independent and a dependent clause together, they can go in either order.

- A dependent clause begins with a subordinate such as:

+ When : khi

+ While : trong khi

+ Because : bởi vì

+ Although/ though/ even though : mặc dù

+ If: nếu.

In each example, the independent clause is underlined.

Because my coffee was too cold I heated it in the microwave.

Though he was very rich, he was still unhappy.

She returned the computer after she noticed it was damaged.

When the cost goes up, customers buy less clothing.

As she was bright and ambitious she became a manager in no time.

Wherever you go, you can always find beauty.

Evergreen trees are a symbol of fertility because they do not die in the winter. 

Although very long, the movie was still enjoyable.